Program

to print the program, use the link at the bottom
The lecture notes are available here
Wed Dec 1

20:00 – 21:30  
Welcome reception in Club O.N.E. and Registration

Thu Dec 2        

LABORATORY TRAINING

The Laboratory Training includes four experimental courses.
  • Ceramic Synthesis and characterisation by X Ray Diffraction
  • Dielectric measurements and Impedance Spectrometry
  • Nano-sensors for gas detection
  • Photovoltaic nano-films: elaboration and properties

Accordingly,  students will be devided on four teams:
"Carthage", "Memphis", "Tassili" and
"Volubilis"

The descriprion and cycle planning  is given at the end of the Program page

08:30 – 10:30    Registration and Opening
    Coffee
11:00 – 12:30    Wiegmann Pavel, (Univ.  Chicago, USA)  Fingering instabilities in growth and aggregation processes
    Lunch
14:30 – 16:00    Scandolo Sandro, (ICTP-Trieste,  Italy),     Ab-initio Molecular Dynamics: Theory and Applications in Nanoscience
Small is different. The role of theory in the nanosciences. Atomistic simulations. Molecular dynamics. Integrating the equations of motion. The interatomic potential. Empirical approaches. The ab-initio approach. Born-Oppenheimer approximation. Density functional theory. Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics. Example 1: structure and dynamics of water nanoclusters and their implications for the greenhouse effect. Example 2: organic molecules on metal surfaces, how a combination of simulations and experiments solves a long standing debate on the atomic structure of the interface.
    Coffee
16:30 – 18:00    Scandolo Sandro (continuation)


Fri Dec 3        

09:00 – 10:30  
Lukyanchuk Igor,   (Univ. Amiens, France)     Modeling of Multifunctional .Nano-Materials
Ferroelectric, ferroelastic, ferromagnetic materials, Principles of Nano-Physics: from bulk to confined geometries, macro-meso-and nano-scales. Phase transitions in samples of the small scale: 3D, 2D, 1D and 0D geometry. Coupling of different properties. Multiferroics
    Coffee
11:00 – 12:30     Lukyanchuk Igor  (continuation)
    Lunch
14:30 – 16:00    Kiselev Mikhail, (ICTP-Trieste,  Italy),      Slow noise in Landau-Zener theory: coherency and decoherency of a singlet-triplet qubit
We study the influence of a slow classical noise on Landau-Zener transitions. We demonstrate that the slow colored noise characterized by correlation time much greater compared to Landau-Zener time can produce a transition itself, or can change substantially the Landau-Zener transition probabilities. Exact formulas for the time-evolution operator and finite time probabilities are derived. Connections between the slow noise induced Landau-Zener transitions and recent experiments on spin blockade in nano-devices are discussed.
   Coffee
16:30 – 18:00    Laboratory Training

POSTER SESSIONS

Two poster Sessions will be organized for students Please prepare
your poster of size A1 in advance



Sat Dec 4        

09:00 – 10:30  
Stankevich Sergei (CASRE-Ukraine),     Physical principles of satellite remote sensing methods for desert monitoring
Introduction and history, Remote sensing application, Electromagnetic radiation in remote sensing, Remote sensing satellite system and sensors, Digital image processing for remote sensing, Ground modeling in remote sensing, Remote sensing for, desert monitoring, Conclusion and future
    Coffee
11:00 – 12:30    Laboratory Training
    Lunch
14:30 – 16:00   Saxena Siddharth, (Univ.  Cambridge, UK & CMM-FBK, Trento, Italy),     Magnetism and Superconductivty  under extreme conditions 
    Coffee
16:30 – 18:00      Portnoi Mikhail, (Univ. Exeter,    UK)     Terahertz applications of carbon-based nanostructures
The importance of the terahertz (THz) range of electromagnetic spectrum for security and environment protection needs will be outlined. The existing sources and detectors of THz radiation will be briefly reviewed and several proposals of novel emitters and detectors based on unique electronic properties of carbon nanotubes and graphene will be presented and justified.



Sun Dec 5
    Social Time, Excursions



Mon Dec 6        

09:00 – 10:30    Buzdin Alexandre,
(Univ. Bordeaux, France),     Superconductivity and superconducting devices
Short history of the superconductivity :  first century of superconductivity at the next 2011 year . Microscopical and phenomenological theories of superconductivity.  Two characteristic lengths of superconductivity.  Superconductors under magnetic field – Abrikosov vortex lattices.  Josephson effects.  Magnetic superconductors and superconductor/ferromagnet heterostructures.  High  temperature superconductors. Superconductivity at the nanoscale. Actual and future applications  of  superconductivity.
    Coffee
11:00 – 12:30    Buzdin Alexandre (continuation)
    Lunch
14:30 – 16:00    Maaza Malik, (National Research Foundation, South Africa),      Size effects & nanophotonics
    Coffee
16:30 – 18:00    Maaza Malik  (continuation)



Tue Dec 7        

09:00 – 10:30    Kravtsov Vladimir,
(ICTP-Trieste,  Italy),      Random eigenfunctions and random eigenvalues
We review basic ideas and phenomena of random eigenvalues in disordered systems (quantum dots) and random matrices.  Quantum dots of non-interacting electrons: what can we learn from conductance peaks. Quantum manifestation of chaos: Wigne-Dyson and Poisson distributions. Localized, critical and extended states of random matrices and in disordered systems
    Coffee
11:00 – 12:30    Kravtsov Vladimir (continuation)
    Lunch
14:30 – 16:00    Zorkani Izeddine, (Univ. Fes, Morocco),     Optical and electronic properties of impurities in quantum dot
Study of electronic and optical properties of impurities and excitonic complexes in bulk semiconductors and low-dimensional structures (Quantum Well, Quantum Well Wire and Quantum Dots); including the effects of  an external magnetic or electric field and the electron-phonon interaction
   Coffee
16:30 – 18:00    Poster Session 1


Wed Dec 8        

09:00 – 10:30    Catalan Gustau,
(Univ. Barcelona, Spain),     Nanoscale Ferroelectrics and Multiferroics
 Ferroelectrics and multiferroics and their application. Characterization techniques and experimental properties. Size effects at the nanoscale: strain coupling in epitaxial films, flexoelectricity and strain gradients, depolarization and domains apperance. Properties of domain walls. Adaptations of the standard Landau phase transition theory for epitaxial ferroelectrics and multiferroics. 
   Coffee
11:00 – 12:30    Catalan Gustau - (continuation)
    Lunch
14:30 – 16:00    Khemakhem Hamadi, (Univ. Sfax, Tunisia), Physics of Ferroelectrics: Experimental methods
Introduction and some theoretical notions of ferroelectric materials. Dielectric materials. Concept of local field and the relaxation. Landau theory on ferroelectrics. Applications of ferroelectric materials.
    Coffee
16:30 – 18:00    Poster Session 2
Thu Dec 9        

09:00 – 10:30    Benyoussef Abdelilah, (Univ. Rabat, Morocco), Diluted Magnetic semiconductors
The dilute magnetic semiconductors (DMS) are without doubt one of the most promising and interesting classes of magnetic materials. Their signature characteristic is carrier-mediated ferromagnetic exchange with which magnetic and electronic properties of microelectronic devices can be linked. The following aspects will be discussed: Spintronics, What is needed to reach full spin technology?, low-dimensional magnetic systems, The Curie temperature of a single ferromagnetic film , Giant magnetoresistance mechanism, tunnel magnetoresistance, Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors, Predicted Curie temperatures as a function of the band gap, difficulties in interpreting the magnetism in Dilute magnetic oxides, Half-metallic oxide, some examples of diluted magnetic oxides.

    Coffee
11:00 – 12:30   Drioli Enrico, (Univ. Calabria, IMT - Rende, Italy)   Fundamental aspects of desalination and water reuse with membrane systems
Membrane operations as RO, NF, UF, MD etc. are today in large part dominant technologies in desalination and water treatment. Solubility-diffusivity models can well describe trasnport phenomena in RO and NF operations. In NF Donnan effects can also play a role. Vapor transport on the contrary in microporous hydrophobic membranes can well explain the properties of MD. The understanding of these transport phenomena in the membrane phase combined with a correct description of interfacial membrane/solution bulk fluid dynamics phenomena permit an appropriate development of these innovative desalination systems. Large scale plant in prospectives of the order of one millions cubic meters  fresh water producedper day are today under study and realization.
    Lunch
14:30 – 16:00    Altshuler Boris, (Columbia Univ. NY, USA),         Anderson Localization
    Coffee
16:30 – 18:00    Laboratory Training  (cancelled)
        

Fri Dec 10        

09:00 – 10:30    Benaissa Mohammed (CNRST, Rabat, Morocco
),     Microstructural physics of semiconducting quantum structures
Nowadays, semiconducting materials are intelligently designed in the form of quantum structures (nanometer-scale structuring). To better understand the physics of such nano-scaled structures, characterization tools able to measure the relevant material properties (optical and strain distribution) with high spatial resolution are strongly recommended. The capabilities offered by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) will be illustrated.
    Coffee
11:00 – 12:30   Yakovenko Victor, (Univ.  Maryland, USA),     Photovoltaics: Principles, Materials, and Novel Approach Using Surface Acoustic Waves
Principles: semiconducting p-n junctions, photocurrent and quantum efficiency, dark current and open-circuit voltage,  fill factor and power efficiency and Shockley–Queisser limit on maximal efficiency.  Materials: crystalline Si, amorphous Si, CdTe, GaAs, Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS), organic, and dye-sensitized solar cells.  Novel approach using surface acoustic waves in piezoelectric semiconductors. PubL; semiconductors, arXiv:0912.5390
    Lunch
14:30 – 16:00    Varlamov Andrei (Univ. Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy),     100 years of  Superconductivity
    Coffee
16:30 – 18:00    Laboratory Training (cancelled)

Sat Dec 11        

09:00 – 10:30   
Yakovenko Victor, (Univ.  Maryland, USA),     Statistical mechanics of money, debt, and energy consumption
Review of statistical models for the probability distribution of money, where economic transactions are modeled as random transfers of money between the agents in payment for goods and services. Empirical data on the probability distribution of income, showing existence of two classes. Money conservation, debt and, financial instabilities.  Energy consumption distribution per capita and inequality around the world. References: Reviews of Modern Physics 81, 1703 (2009) [arXiv:0905.1518]; New Journal of Physics 12, 075032 (2010) [arXiv:0912.4898]

    Coffee
11:00 – 12:30    Varlamov Andrei, (Univ. Tor Vergata, Italy),     Physics everywhere
Modern physical theories can be also applied ... at the kitchen: filtration process, heat propagation in the piece of meet ,the origin of the kettle noise before boiling and dependence of its frequency on temperature, physical reasons of the advantage of espresso coffee with respect to other methods of its preparation, preparation of spaghetti....
12:30                 Closing
    Lunch



Laboratory Training



L1: Ceramic Synthesis and characterisation by X Ray Diffraction
Tutors: Mohamed El Aatmani (Univ. Marrakech), Mykajlo Oksana (Univ. Uzhgorod, Ukraine),
Methods of preparation of ceramics and single crystals on example of Tetragonal Tungsten Bronze (TTB) type ferroelectrics. Characterization, and structure determination  by X-ray diffraction.

L2: Dielectric measurements and Impedance Spectrometry
Tutors: Mezzane Daoud (Univ. Marrakech), Baudry Laurent (Univ. Lille, France)
Complex impedance analysis and its applications to study the phase transitions in ferroelectric polycrystalline tungsten–bronze ceramics (TTB) prepared by a solid-state reaction method (laboratory L1). The results will be analyzed to extract the ac-conductivity.

L3: Nano-sensors for gas detection: 

Tutors: M’barek Amjoud (Univ. Marrakech),
Physical principles of
ZnO, SnO2 and TiO2  based gas sensors and their application in detection of  volatile and radical gases for ecology and toxicity and pollution monitoring. Elaboration of ZnO thin layers by spin coating method, under various experimental conditions (viscosity, speed of the spinner, temperature, concentration…), onto glass substrates using the sol-gel method. Analyzing of the structural and electrical properties of the prepared films.
different techniques.

L4: Photovoltaic nano-films: elaboration and properties
Tutors: Hassan Chehouani, (Univ. Marrakech),
Application of Closed  Space Vapor Transport  technique to elaboratethe photovoltaic CuInS2 film on a glass substrate  Aplication of optical measurement for temperature  and flow visualization


Planning of Laboratories (L) and Poster Sessions (P)


 Students Team:  
 Carthage Memphis Tassili Volubilis
 L: Fri Dec 3,    16:30 – 18:00
 L1 L2 L3 L4
 L: Sat Dec 4,   11:00 – 12:30  L4 L1 L2 L3
 P: Tue Dec 716:30 – 18:00 P1 P1-
 -
 P: Wed Dec 8, 16:30 – 18:00  - -P2
P2
 L: Thu Dec 916:30 – 18:00
 L3 L4L1
 L2
 L: Fri Dec 10,  16:30 – 18:00  L2 L3 L4 L1